Terminal Takeaway πŸ₯‘

Sweet! Thanks. I use that one a lot. :slightly_smiling_face:

If you want to know how many packages are installed on your Debian based system without using something like neofetch or screenfetch:

dpkg -l | wc -l

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One thing I really miss from Debian in Fedora is apt search tells you which packages you already have installed.

dnf list installed

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It’s hard to describe exactly why I like seeing which packages are installed when I go package hunting. In part it’s because i’m always jumping through VMs and I can lose track of what’s on there. :stuck_out_tongue:

There could be a wrapper that pulls dnf list installed, matches it to dnf search and appends [Installed] to matching package lines.

There is also dnf info in Fedora. It works similar like apt policy. So at least you can see if is installed or not.

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If you want to know who you are because you forgot:

whoami

And because it is Terminal Tuesday you should look up:

calendar

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Call me immature, but when terminal output has tasteful, non-kitschy colors, I enjoy my CLI experience like 10x better. I think any and all commands (perhaps to be made into .bashrc aliases) which colorize the output are big wins, to share around.

For example, I really like glances, instead of htop now (thanks, @Mr_McBride). Even though glances takes a lot more RAM, its use of color is much more tasteful, IMHO. I hope 2021 is a year of tasteful colorization of lots and lots of common CLI utilities in Linux.

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+1 for glances

add nethogs to that.

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How to use multi-dimensional associative arrays in BASH

As promised, a solution in < 10 lines. Using grep with PCRE RegEx.

Introducing BAAM - [B]ASH [A]ssociative [A]rrarys in [M]ulti-dimensions

BAAM (){ # BAAM - [B]ASH [A]ssociative [A]rrarys in [M]ulti-dimensions
	REGEX_STR='(^|[^\t])\t{1}'$2'((?=\t{2}[^\t])|:)\K.*?'
	LEVEL=1
	for PROP_NAME in "${@:3}"; do
		REGEX_STR+='\t{'$((LEVEL++))'}'$PROP_NAME'((?=\t{'$(($LEVEL+1))'}[^\t])|:)\K.*?'
	done
	REGEX_STR+='[^\t](?=$|\t{1,'$LEVEL'}[^\t])'
	echo $(echo "$1" | grep -oPe "$REGEX_STR")
}

Example of use:

#!/usr/bin/env bash

# BAAM uses BAAML, a TAB deliminated multidimensional markup

# Option 1. Inline: Pass arbitrary text containing BAAML markup into a variable
{ MY_DATA=$(</dev/stdin); } <<\EOF
	SpaceX
		headquarters
			address:Rocket Road
			city:Hawthorne
			state:California
		links
			website:https://www.spacex.com/
			flickr:https://www.flickr.com/photos/spacex/
			twitter:https://twitter.com/SpaceX
			elon_twitter:https://twitter.com/elonmusk
		name:SpaceX
		founder:Elon Musk
		founded:2002
		employees:8000
EOF

# Option 2. Load: cat BAAML markup into a variable
# MY_DATA="`cat ./my_baaml.txt`"

MY_DATA=${MY_DATA//$'\n'/} # Remove newlines so grep can search it in one go

# Define search function
BAAM (){ # BAAM - [B]ASH [A]ssociative [A]rrarys in [M]ulti-dimensions
	REGEX_STR='(^|[^\t])\t{1}'$2'((?=\t{2}[^\t])|:)\K.*?'
	LEVEL=1
	for PROP_NAME in "${@:3}"; do
		REGEX_STR+='\t{'$((LEVEL++))'}'$PROP_NAME'((?=\t{'$(($LEVEL+1))'}[^\t])|:)\K.*?'
	done
	REGEX_STR+='[^\t](?=$|\t{1,'$LEVEL'}[^\t])'
	echo $(echo "$1" | grep -oPe "$REGEX_STR")
}

# Call BAAM wtih MY_DATA and each array property to reach the desired value
echo $(BAAM "$MY_DATA" SpaceX links website)

#Output: https://www.spacex.com/


If you’d like to see the process of me creating BAAM and BAAML:

Best way to simulate multidimensional arrays "objects" in BASH?

This is ground floor for the project and I intend to take it a lot further. Time allowing i’ll be adding lots of features, documentation and testing.

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Great post seen on Element.

Deep dive into BASH pitfalls.

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What would you like for next Terminal Tuesday?

  • Self-hosted terminal chatroom in < 20 lines using BASH and NGINX.
  • Self-host your own GeoIP lookup without using a 3rd-party service.
  • Improvements and/or new features added to BAAM.
  • Tracking down what’s using up space the fun way and the not-so-fun way.
  • Hosting a public API that allows anyone to run arbitrary code in several languages with heavy sandboxing.
  • Giving Internet to your Android using ADB over USB.

0 voters

Votes should be ranked or multiple choice in future. :confused:

For the coin flip: When DL is published, the 1st letter of the first word used at/after the 5 minute mark will decide which one I do. A to M = chatroom, N to Z = GeoIP

I demand a recount.

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How many errors has your ECC memory encountered?

If you have ECC memory you’ll probably know because it’s not a norm for personal computers. It’s usually in servers as they need max reliability and there can be a lot of memory churn (made that term up, might be real).

Inspired by natermer’s Reddit comment below after Linus expressed his disappointment with Intel’s ongoing stance on ECC. (Learn more in TWIL episode 133)

"I 100% have found dozens of production servers that were on the verge of failing and the only warning signs were ECC memory correction errors.

It’s a big deal."

How to read errors:

# Is my memory ECC!?
sudo dmidecode -t memory | grep "Type Detail:"
# Unregistered means no

# Get a reader for EDAC (Error Detection and Correction) drivers in the Kernel
sudo dnf install edac-utils # Fedora/CentOS/RHEL
sudo apt install edac-utils # Debian/Ubuntu

# Check if EDAC drivers are loaded and which memory controllers you have
edac-util --status

# Report memory controller data, error count should show up in the output
edac-util --report

Monitoring software often reads EDAC too so it’s worth confirming if your solution is checking for ECC errors.

I think the correct term is garbage collection, but that may just be the term used on the development side.

After reading this I wanted to try using curl, but I cannot integrate it on my system (KDE Neon on kernel 5.4.0-60).

This is curl I got. How do I use it on Linux?

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Tuesday again. Some inxi magic. You can make inxi show you the weather in your location, pretty cool. Of course not so cool as all those tricks by Ulfnic. :wink:

inxi -w
Weather:   Temperature: 0.7 C (33 F) Conditions: Overcast Clouds Current Time: Di 12 Jan 2021 22:19:03 CET (Europe/Berlin) 
           Source: WeatherBit.io 

Inxi is very powerful for all sorts of information about your system.

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curl wttr.in

https://wttr.in/:help

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2 posts were split to a new topic: Self-hosted GeoIP Lookup